Origins of Social Security – Part 1 – The English Poor Laws


The concept of the country helping its inferior, disabled, and older has been around since the creation of the concept of a situation. In antiquity, nations employed diverse systems together with varying amounts of achievement. Usually the duty fell in the families to take care of the disabled and older and the state usually stepped in to support the overall poor in 1 way or another. Through most of the medieval period the Church alone ran hospitals, poor houses, and other services supposed to aid the poor and indigent.

The idea of state service for those โรงพยาบาลประกันสังคม struggling to look after themselves from the United States came together with the colonists from England. From the Spanish and French colonies, the Roman Catholic Church played with the fundamental role, where as in Protestant England the expulsion of the Church supposed that their nation had to intervene. Even the”ancestral bad” were people who could not get the job done, specifically this comprised those with painful diseases, the elderly, the blind, the crippled, and small kids without guardians.

The relief extended to the”ancestral bad” usually amounted to grants of free food (that the”parish loaf”) along with also clothing. In a few regions, alms houses accommodated the older without families in a position to care for them. The apps were administrated by local officials known as”Overseers of the Poor.” Each parish had this overseer and the idea was that the neighborhood overseer would have to know the regional poor, thereby which makes him qualified to differentiate between the”deserving” and”undeserving” poor and expand relief as appropriate. The theory made sense, however it also resulted in gross abuses whilst the overseer had nearly total authority over his charges and also their capacity to call home.

Even though poor people Laws were assessed by Parliament and represented national law in England and Wales, it was executed locally at the parish level, there wasn’t any regional or national infrastructure designed to distribute resources. This meant that the amount of relief received directly correlated with the wealth of the area. Each parish was allowed to inflict a”poor speed” or regional taxation which was ostensibly supposed to provide relief to the inferior. Like the granting of aid, the neighborhood tax was enforced with the Overseer of the Poor,” leading to further abuses. The machine usually worked because those”impotent poor” weren’t portable and ready to move from place to place for superior relief. That is part of the main reason that these benefits were not provided into the other classes of inferior, have been generally able bodied and able to travel.

This simple system remained essentially until the nineteenth century and all these were the notions that came to the English colonies in North America. The Poor Laws were barbarous and corrupt by modern standards but during that time that they were considered reasonable. The 1601 classification of”impotent poor” still represents many of the same conditions that qualify people to receive benefits from Social Security to day.

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